- Ever felt pain in the lower back which radiates up to thighs, buttocks and calf? Then you might be experiencing Herniated disc symptoms. Let’s know in more detail what Herniated disc is, Herniated disc symptoms and treatments.
- The incidence of a herniated disc is about 5 to 20 cases per 1000 adults annually and is most common in people in their third to the fifth decade of life, with a male to female ratio of 2:1.
What is a Herniated Disc?
- An issue with one of the rubbery cushions (discs) that lie in the spaces between the vertebrae that make up your spine is referred to as a Herniated disc.
- A spinal disc has a harder, rubbery shell covering a soft, jelly-like interior (nucleus) (annulus). A Herniated disc, also known as a slipped disc or a ruptured disc, happens when a portion of the nucleus slips through a rip in the annulus.
- Although a Herniated disc can develop anywhere along the spine, it most frequently does so in the lower back. A Herniated disc may cause discomfort, numbness, or weakness in an arm or leg, depending on where it is located.
- Many patients with herniated discs don't have any symptoms. For those who do experience herniated disc symptoms, they often get better with time. Usually, the issue may be resolved without surgery.
- Dr. Gaurav Sharma Kant reveals that every year up to 2% of the population globally get a herniated disk. Syndromes like Herniated disk, calls for immediate musculoskeletal interventions and are treated by the best pain physician in India at JIPSI.
Herniated Disc Symptoms-
Herniated disc symptoms often occur in the lower back. The location of the disc and whether it is pushing on a nerve will determine the signs and symptoms of herniated disc. One side of the body is often affected by herniated discs.
- Leg or arm discomfort- You may experience discomfort in your buttocks, thigh, and calf in addition to lower back pain if your herniated disc is in your lower back. Your foot may also be bothering you in some areas.
- Your shoulder and arm will often hurt the most if you are experiencing herniated disc symptoms in your neck.
- When you cough, sneeze,or assume certain positions, this discomfort may radiate into your arm or leg.
- Sharp or searing pain is a common description of pain.
- Tingling or numbness - Radiating numbness or tingling in the body portion serviced by the injured nerves is a common symptom of a herniated disc.
- Weakness - Affected nerves tend to weaken the muscles they service. This can affect the ability to lift and hold items.
Herniated Disc Treatment-
If non-invasive treatments like medication and physical therapy are unable to significantly lessen or eliminate the pain, a doctor may advise surgery. As they decide on the best course of action, doctors and patients will go over surgical choices.
The patient's age, general health, and other factors are taken into consideration, just as with any operation. You can contact the best pain physician in India at JIPSI.
A patient may be a candidate for spinal surgery if:
- Radicular discomfort restricts daily activities or lowers quality of life.
- Progressive neurological impairments such as leg weakness and/or numbness emerge.
- Loss of regular bowel and bladder operations.
- Difficulty walking or standing.
- Physical therapy and medication are ineffective.
- The patient is in generally good health.
NON SURGICAL TREATMENT- Usually conservative and nonsurgical treatment is used as the first line treatment of herniated discs. For a few days to many weeks, the patient may be advised by the doctor to keep a modest, painless activity level. This aids in reducing inflammation of the spinal nerves.
Physical therapy may be suggested by the physician at JIPSI upon assessing the degree of the ailment. A thorough assessment will be conducted by the therapist, and when paired with Dr. Prableen’s diagnosis will determine the best course of action for individuals with herniated discs.
Stretching exercises, ultrasonography, light massage, pelvic manipulation, and electrical muscle stimulation are some of the possible treatment options for herniated disc. In addition to physical treatment, using painkillers and muscle relaxants may be helpful.
PRP treatment - One of the most fascinating types of regenerative medicine accessible today is platelet rich plasma treatment, or PRP treatment. But how does PRP treatment work? Herniated discs are only one of the soft tissue ailments that may be treated with this method.
PRP injections have grown in popularity among patients because they offer an alternative to surgery and the associated recovery period while achieving comparable outcomes. The working mechanism of PRP therapy stimulates the regeneration of the injured disc and inhibits the inflammatory mediators.
The most frequent cause of disc herniation is disc degeneration, which is a slow, ageing-related wear and tear.
The discs grow increasingly brittle and vulnerable to rupturing or ripping with even a slight twist or pressure as people age.